With the terms Kobe and Wagyu showing up on menus from South Beach to Seattle—with eye-poppingly hefty prices attached—T+L figured it was time to take a closer look at Japan’s pampered bovines. Below, a handy cheat sheet to help you make sense of it all—plus, the best places to eat these cuts nationwide.


A Japanese breed known for the abundant marbling of its flesh (must be the beer-and-rice diet the steers are fed).


A specific strain of Wagyu from Hyogo Prefecture, of which Kobe is the capital. Ranchers up the ante on the royal-treatment diet with a regimen of deep-tissue massages. (What, no pedicure?)


A broad category of crossbred American Angus and Wagyu cows, of varying quality. It’s often labeled Kobe, somewhat misleadingly, on American menus.

Australian Wagyu

A top-quality strain of Wagyu, these cows are actually being exported (repatriated?) to Japan—and their beef sent as far away as Great Britain.

American Wagyu

Technically, a misnomer. So far, the USDA has not certified any homegrown cow as being 100 percent Wagyu—but the price tag likely won’t reflect this. Let the beef-eater beware.

Head to these restaurants to get your genuine Kobe fix.

L’Atelier de Joël Robuchonat the MGM Grand in Las Vegas (3799 Las Vegas Blvd. S.; 702/891-7358; dinner for two $200)

Koi (730 N. La Cienega Blvd., Los Angeles; 310/659-9449; dinner for two $160)

Japonais (600 W. Chicago Ave., Chicago; 312/822-9600; dinner for two $150)

Megu Midtown (845 UN Plaza, New York City; 212/964-7777; dinner for two $160)