Virgin Atlantic is the second Virgin Group airline to file for bankruptcy protection.
Virgin Atlantic plane
Credit: NurPhoto/Getty

Virgin Atlantic filed for Chapter 15 bankruptcy protection in New York on Tuesday, becoming the latest airline forced into reorganization during the coronavirus pandemic.

Virgin Atlantic is the second Virgin Group airline to file for bankruptcy protection. Virgin Australia filed for voluntary administration — a form of bankruptcy in Australia — in April.

London-based Virgin Atlantic, 49 percent of which is owned by Delta Air Lines, flies exclusively long-haul international routes. It suspended all passenger operations in April when the coronavirus pandemic triggered a crash in travel demand. It began flying passengers again in July.

Chapter 15 is a form of bankruptcy designed for cases involving multiple countries, providing a mechanism for foreign-based companies undergoing bankruptcy proceedings in their own country to access the U.S. court system. It effectively protects Virgin's U.S. assets from creditors as a U.K. court oversees claims.

Virgin Atlantic announced a £1.2 billion ($1.57 billion) private rescue package in July, but had not finalized the agreement. The airline had previously appealed unsuccessfully for a bailout from the British government. Richard Branson, the Virgin Group founder, has offered his private island as collateral for a bailout or loan.

The airline said during a court hearing in London on Tuesday that it would effectively run out of cash in September, Bloomberg reported. Tuesday's U.S. filing appeared to be linked to the London hearing, at which a judge gave the go-ahead for a meeting allowing creditors to vote on the restructuring plan.

Virgin has not entered administration, a form of bankruptcy in the U.K.

"One of the most important goals of Chapter 15 is to promote cooperation and communication between U.S. courts and parties of interest with foreign courts and parties of interest in cross-border cases," the U.S. court system says on a website explaining the setup.

In May, Virgin Atlantic said it would cut more than 3,000 jobs and close its base at London's Gatwick Airport, consolidating operations at London Heathrow to cut costs. The airline also retired its iconic Boeing 747-400 fleet as a cost-saving measure.

U.S. and European airlines saw a modest recovery in domestic travel demand in May and June, a trend that has since reversed in the U.S. as COVID-19 cases have spiked.

For Virgin Atlantic, which operates long-haul flights through its U.K. hubs, options during the pandemic have been scarce. The airline had planned to build up a domestic network through its acquisition of regional airline Flybe in 2019, but that smaller carrier became the first airline victim of the pandemic, collapsing in early March.

Delta CEO Ed Bastian has said that Delta would not offer a cash injection to save Virgin from a bankruptcy restructuring. U.K. foreign-ownership laws would prevent Delta or any other foreign investor from increasing its stake.

Virgin Atlantic and Delta did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Editor's note: This article has been corrected to reflect that Virgin Atlantic has filed for bankruptcy protection, not bankruptcy. 

This story originally appeared on Business Insider.