The One Major Difference Between American and British Workplaces
This article originally appeared on BusinessInsider.com.
America. The land of the free and home of the brave. Where your rights include life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness — except if your pursuit of happiness takes you away from your desk for a few days.
When it comes to paid time off, Americans are dealt a pretty unfair hand.
Two years ago, I packed all my belongings into a shipping container, waved goodbye to the English countryside, and moved across the pond to live among the bright lights and busy sidewalks of New York.
Born and raised in Birmingham, the UK's second city and one of the most multicultural places in Britain, I was moving to a country I'd visited plenty of times before. (What is it with the UK and family holidays to Orlando?)
And with the ever-increasing spread of American culture — from TV and movies to politics — I thought I knew what I was getting myself into.
Despite all my preparation — and even with a big old book about American customs that the relocation company provided — I was woefully underprepared for the various lifestyle adjustments and cultural differences between my old life in the UK and my new life in the States.
Because while Americans and Brits may speak the same language, that's where the similarities end. At least for me anyway.
I've never felt more displaced than when I'm trying to navigate the healthcare system, on the hunt for a decent bar of chocolate, or realizing that Americans will talk to you absolutely anywhere. Stuck in an elevator for 33 floors? Get ready to make an agonizing amount of small talk. Sitting at a bar by yourself? You can bet your next drink that a fellow patron will ask how your day has been.
Living the dream
The biggest culture shock came when I entered the workforce.
It's well-documented that the American office culture is pretty different to the way we work in the UK, in part fueled by the notion of the American dream, that unwavering belief that anyone can be successful if they're determined and willing to work hard.
And it seems that an all-work-and-no-play mentality has bred a workplace underpinned by a sense of fear that you're never quite working hard enough.
And nowhere is this quite as obvious — to me at least — as Americans' attitudes toward vacation days.
In the UK, almost all full-time workers are legally entitled to at least 28 days of paid vacation a year. Most employers will include the eight bank and public holidays into that figure, leaving the average British worker with about 20 days of vacation.
At my previous job, I had 25 days of vacation, eight paid bank holidays, a day off for my birthday, and the opportunity to buy an additional five days off. We worked hard. But we were given adequate time away from the office to rest, reset, and rejuvenate.
So you can imagine my horror when I was offered my first job here in the States and found out my paid time off was an accrued total of 10 days — a measly two weeks, including vacation and sick days.
And the worst part was that the employer seemed to think that was generous, prefacing the section about PTO with: "We know how hard you work and recognize the importance of providing you with time for rest and relaxation."
To me, 10 days was a deal breaker. But I know I was lucky to have even been offered that.
A 2013 study by the Center for Economic and Policy Researchfound that the US was the only advanced economy in the world that didn't mandate any paid vacation for the workforce. Almost one in four Americans has no paid vacations and no paid holidays.
And those who are blessed with time off average just 10 days of paid vacation and about six paid holidays a year. That's less than the minimum legal standard for many of the world's richest economies— except Japan, which guarantees 10 paid vacation days but no paid holidays, according to the study.
For many Americans, the fear of returning to a mountain of work keeps them at their desk instead of the beach. And in a world of "at will" employment, where the work contract can be terminated at any time, almost a quarter of US employees fear being seen as replaceable.
Work smarter to work harder
More hours doesn't always mean more output — just take a look at Greece and Germany.
According to the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, the Greeks work more hours than citizens of any other European country but have an unemployment rate of 21.5% and a gross domestic product of $26,765 per capita.
Several studies have found that taking time away from work can improve productivity, increase happiness, and spark creativity.
In other words, taking time off is a win for everyone — including you, your boss, and even the economy.