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Piazza del Vescovado, Ravello, 84010, Italy

The Rufolos were Ravello’s most powerful family in the Middle Ages. Their 13th-century villa has a distinctly Moorish courtyard and is anchored by a 100-foot stone tower tinged with Islamic architectural details, signifying the long history of Arab influence in southern Italy. The big draw, however, is the surrounding Romantic-style garden of exotic plants shaded by umbrella pines and crossed by cypress-lined pathways, which inspired Richard Wagner to finish his Parsifal and to declare, “The magical garden of Klingsor has been found!” Appropriately, these magnificent gardens now host the Ravello Festival (011-39-089-858-422; www.ravellofestival.com) from late June through October, a mix of classical (Wagner is always featured) and avant-garde music and dance performances and films.

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Villa Rufolo

The Rufolos were Ravello’s most powerful family in the Middle Ages. Their 13th-century villa has a distinctly Moorish courtyard and is anchored by a 100-foot stone tower tinged with Islamic architectural details, signifying the long history of Arab influence in southern Italy. The big draw, however, is the surrounding Romantic-style garden of exotic plants shaded by umbrella pines and crossed by cypress-lined pathways, which inspired Richard Wagner to finish his Parsifal and to declare, “The magical garden of Klingsor has been found!” Appropriately, these magnificent gardens now host the Ravello Festival (011-39-089-858-422; www.ravellofestival.com) from late June through October, a mix of classical (Wagner is always featured) and avant-garde music and dance performances and films.