One of the oldest cities in Europe, Cadiz was settled by the Phoenicians some 3,000 years ago, and has been highly prized by Greek, Roman, Moorish, and Spanish sailors ever since for its unique location—a peninsula jutting into the Atlantic. The embarkation point for Spain’s trade with its American colonies, Cádiz was the last bastion of Spanish culture for sailors heading abroad and the first sign of it upon their return home. Today, visitors can still witness the links to the former colonies (notably in Cádiz’s architecture, which was much copied in the New World), while in the neighboring Jerez de la Frontera, 21 miles away, they can experience true Andalusian culture.
Catching a show—from children’s programs to classical opera—at the 1880s Moorish Gran Teatro Fall.
Ogling the antiquities at Museo de Cádiz, whose oldest artifact is a set of Phoenician sarcophagi.
Browsing the stalls—fresh fruits, cheese, nuts, fish, more—in Mercado Central, the town’s main market.