Rubens Abboud / Alamy
Stephanie Pearson
August 25, 2014

Whether you’re a practicing Catholic, a Buddhist, an atheist, or any belief system in between, there’s no denying that northern New Mexico’s Catholic churches, the oldest of which dates back to 1610, are some of the most important historical structures in the United States. The crumbling adobes and powerful stone edifices have harbored both miracles and madness throughout the centuries, depending on which historical lens you use to interpret northern New Mexico history. Some churches, like Santuario de Chimayo, 30 miles north of Santa Fe, still hold such power among Catholics that thousands of believers from around the world pilgrimage to the holy site on Good Friday to seek blessings, pray for intercessions, and to scoop up a teaspoonful of holy dirt, which is said to hold miraculous cures. Whether you see these churches as monuments to faith or monstrous tendrils of the Catholic Church, they are still beautiful works of art and worth a stop. 

Santuario de Chimayo

Nestled in the village of Chimayo along the High Road to Taos, this tilting, toy-like adobe structure feels like it belongs in a Gabriel Garcia Marquez novel, especially the prayer room adjacent to the sanctuary, where in the center of the dirt floor is a round hole where pilgrims collect holy dirt that has been known to heal.

The Cathedral Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi

This centerpiece of Santa Fe, which is still very much in use every Sunday morning, was commissioned in 1850 by Santa Fe’s first Bishop, the French priest John Baptiste Lamy. The stalwart Romanesque church, built by Italian stonemasons, is memorialized in Willa Cather’s 1927 novel, “Death Comes for the Archbishop.”

Loretto Chapel

A popular wedding site, diminutive Loretto Chapel in downtown Santa Fe is world-famous for its circular wooden staircase. Built by an unidentified man who showed up in 1879 with a donkey and a toolbox, his staircase has two 360-degree turns, no visible means of support, and has wooden pegs instead of metal nails. The faithful believe that the mystery man was St. Joseph.

San Jose de Gracia Catholic Church, Las Trampas

Built in 1780, this humble adobe is one of the best-preserved Spanish Colonial mission churches in New Mexico. It’s still an active parish, so time your visit on a Friday in order to step inside to see the beautiful altar painted in 1860 by Mexican santero Jose de Gracia Gonzales. 

San Miguel Mission

Built somewhere between 1610 and 1617, this unassuming adobe that sits next to a pizza parlor is the oldest Catholic church in the United States. It’s still impressively intact despite being damaged during the Pueblo revolt of 1680.

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