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T+L's Guide to Culture 2005

Art

EUROPE London Henri Rousseau: Jungles in Paris Tate Modern (Nov. 3–Feb. 5). The exotic dreams of a retired customs official who never left France, Rousseau's jungle paintings rank among the best-loved Modernist works. This exhibition gathers an unprecedented collection of his large-scale canvases, in which tigers romp beneath hibiscus flowers. Paris Klimt, Schiele, Moser, Kokoschka. Vienna 1900 Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais (Oct. 5–Jan. 23). This show of four fin-de-siècle Viennese artists and designers, whose work is known for its frank eroticism, exemplifies the intertwining of art and life in the fertile cultural metropolis. Dada Centre Pompidou (Oct. 5–Jan. 9). Born from the ashes of the First World War, Dadaism pronounced an end to all established hierarchies and accepted ideas. The interdisciplinary exhibition brings together more than 1,000 works, from paintings to photomontages, sound poems, and films. Berlin Brücke–The Birth of German Expressionism Berlinische Galerie (Oct. 1–Jan. 15). This show is the highlight in a series of exhibitions marking the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Brücke, the artists' collective whose oeuvre, from dreamy rural idylls to vibrant Berlin streetscapes, made German painting new again. UNITED STATES New York Fra Angelico Metropolitan Museum of Art (Oct. 26–Jan. 29). The Dominican friar's musical cherubim, and Madonnas in celestial blues and golds, earned him the sobriquet the Angelic Painter shortly after his death in 1455. The first major show devoted to his art in half a century includes paintings, drawings, and manuscripts. Also at the Metropolitan, Vincent van Gogh: The Drawings (Oct. 18–Dec. 31) brings together more than 100 works that provide a rare view into the draftsmanship developed by the brilliant artist during his brief career. Russia! Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (Sept. 16–Jan. 12). The exclamation point is justified: this spectacular survey comprising nine centuries of Russian art—along with Western masterworks in Russian collections—is jammed with seldom-seen treasures, from 15th-century icons by Andrey Rublyov to Kazimir Malevich's Black Square (circa 1930). Sarah Bernhardt: The Art of High Drama Jewish Museum (Dec. 2–April 2). One of the first truly modern celebrities, the Divine Sarah is the focus of a retrospective that showcases her extraordinary talents as a tragedienne and muse, in addition to her role as the first major actress to appear on film (in 1900). The Imagery of Chess Revisited Noguchi Museum (Oct. 21–March 5). Marcel Duchamp famously gave up art to play chess; the game also exerted its allure on a generation of Surrealists and fellow travelers, as this re-creation of a legendary 1944–45 exhibition from Julian Levy's New York gallery makes clear. Chess sets and chess-inspired works by luminaries including Noguchi, Du­champ, Calder, and Giacometti are the focus. Chicago Tropicália Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago (Oct. 22–Jan. 8). The hybrid 1960's brand of Brazilian Modernism known as tropicalismo—which takes its name from an interactive installation by artist Hélio Oiticica—is explored in a show that traces the revolutionary movement's impact on the visual arts, music, theater, and film and its continuing legacy for today's artists and designers. Houston Andrea Zittel: Critical Space Contemporary Arts Museum Houston (Oct. 1–Jan. 1). This is a comprehensive survey of work by an influential young artist whose psychologically suggestive and quirkily minimalist designs for "living units" and personal uniforms are a response to both Western life and the constraints of urban living. Los Angeles Masters of American Comics Hammer Museum and the Museum of Contemporary Art Los Angeles (Nov. 20–March 12). Krazy Kat meets Maus in an exhibition showcasing 15 cartoonists from the past century—Lyonel Feininger to Charles Schulz to R. Crumb—whose comic strips and books helped shape a major American art form. CANADA Montreal Right Under the Sun: Landscape in Provence, from Classicism to Modernism Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Sept. 22–Jan. 8). Provence was a cradle of modern art, inspiring Cézanne, van Gogh, and a horde of Post-Impressionists, but this show reaches back further, to find the roots of the region's aesthetic allure in 18th-century Arcadian and Italianate landscapes and the 19th-century fascination with Marseilles, gateway to "the Orient."

—LESLIE CAMHI

Architecture

UNITED STATES Fall marks the opening of a number of new institutions—some off the beaten path—designed by leading architects. Williams­town, Mass. The '62 Center for Theatre & Dance at Williams College (www.williams.edu/go/62center), named for the graduating class that initiated fund-raising for the $50 million building, will provide state-of-the-art facilities and, in summer, will be home to the Williams­town Theatre Festival. The center, designed by William Rawn, architect of Seiji Ozawa Hall at Tanglewood in nearby Lenox, includes three theaters, a dance rehearsal studio, and a striking glass lobby with a Douglas fir–clad canopy that peeks above its limestone exterior. A performance of Tall Horse by South Africa's Handspring Puppet Company launches the festivities on September 30, to be followed by Songs of Innocence and Experience by Broadway composer and lyricist (and Williams alum) William Finn (Oct. 7–8); and the New York City Ballet (Oct. 9). Durham, N.C. Raymond D. Nasher, the Texas philanthropist who previously commissioned Italian architect Renzo Piano to create the restrained and refined building that now houses his sculpture collection in Dallas, has lent his name to an art museum at his alma mater, Duke University. Rafael ­Viñoly designed the Nasher Museum of Art (www.nasheratduke.org) with five concrete pavilions that fan out around a glassed-in central courtyard. Adjacent are the popular Sarah P. Duke Gardens. The museum opens October 2 with the exhibition "The Forest: Politics, Poetics, and Practice," which explores the worlds of forests in contemporary art through the work of Petah Coyne, Iñigo Manglano-Ovalle, and others—a fitting focus, given the Nasher's wooded setting. Minneapolis Michael Graves's renovation and expansion of the Children's ­Theatre Company (www.childrenstheatre.org), North America's biggest theatrical venue for youngsters, is the first of an unprecedented number of projects being inaugurated in 2005–06 by the city's cultural institutions: others include the expansion of the Guthrie Theater by Jean Nouvel and a new central library by ­Cesar Pelli. The revamped children's theater complex includes the new Cargill Stage, which will open with the American premiere of The Cat's Journey, a puppet play adapted from the popular Swedish story Kattresan. Performances begin October 4. EUROPE Bern, Switzerland The Paul Klee Zentrum (www.paulkleezentrum.ch), an $87 million complex devoted to the Swiss artist, opened its doors on June 20. Renzo Piano wanted to celebrate Klee as "a poet of stillness," so he designed a serene but striking building with three towering steel arches and glass façades that create an undulating wave above the A6 motorway east of Bern. At the heart of the center are 4,000 paintings, watercolors, and drawings—an estimated 40 percent of Klee's work—as well as his archives. There are also a state-of-the-art concert hall and a children's mini-museum.

—RAUL BARRENECHE

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